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HEALTH BEHAVIOUR IN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION COLLABORATIVE CROSS-NATIONAL SURVEY

 

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HBSC Belgium Publishes: Social capital and adolescent smoking in schools and communities

Research often conceptualizes pupils and their social contexts as a hierarchical system with pupils nested within schools, and schools in their turn, nested within communities. However, this rigid classification rarely corresponds to actual populations, in which pupils from several neighbourhoods attend the same school or schools serve multiple communities.

This study applied a non-hierarchical multilevel model to examine the association between social capital and smoking in a sample of 8453 Flemish adolescents. The results show significant smoking differences between schools, but not between communities. Moreover, our study suggests that previously observed community-level associations with adolescent smoking may be a consequence of unsuited statistical modeling. To our knowledge, this is the first study that examines the multilevel association between multiple levels of social capital and smoking allowing for a non-nested data structure.

see here for further details
contact: Mr Joseph Hancock

item 2558
[30-10-2014 to 31-12-2014]

 


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