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HEALTH BEHAVIOUR IN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION COLLABORATIVE CROSS-NATIONAL SURVEY

 

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News Item:
HBSC Kazakhstan publishes first national report

The results of the 2017/18 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey in Kazakhstan have been published in a new report. The research, conducted nationally by the National Center of Public Health and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan, provides data on important determinants of health and well-being of the county’s adolescents. 

This new report reveals that 90% of young people reported high levels of life satisfaction and half rated their health as excellent. However, 25% of young people reported multiple health complaints, with this most common (32%) among 15-year-old girls.

Young people in Kazakhstan find it easy to communicate with their mother (93%) and father (81%). However, by age 15, the quality of communication with parents decreases.

The vast majority of boys and girls feel high levels of support from their family (81%) and peers (64%). The perception of family support is higher among girls.

71% of schoolchildren are moderate users of electronic means of communication (EMC). Girls are moderate users of EMC and boys are more likely to be heavy EMC users. 7% of children and adolescents are problematic users of social networks. 

Dr. Shynar Abdrakhmanova, HBSC Kazakhstan Principal Investigator, said: “Adolescents feel high levels of support from family, peers, teachers and classmates. However, there are still many areas of young people’s lives that require attention. Aspects such as unhealthy diets, sedentary lifestyles, bullying, mental health issues, injuries and risky behaviours undermine the health and well- being of young people in Kazakhstan.”

Health outcomes

  • One in three boys and one in five girls report at least one medically attended injury in the last 12 months.

  • 16% of boys and 8% of girls aged 11 are overweight or obese (WHO cut-off). 

  • 81% of young people report positive well-being.

Nutrition and oral health

  • 63% of schoolchildren eat breakfast every weekday. In girls, the prevalence of daily breakfast consumption decreases between the ages of 11 and 15, from 70% to 52%. 

  • Only 38% of children and adolescents eat fruit daily and only 43% eat vegetables every day. Over time, daily fruit consumption is decreasing among adolescents.

  • 17% of young people drink soft drinks every day. 

  • 93% of adolescents report eating meals with their family regularly or every day

  • Around half of young people (49%) follow international guidelines and brush their teeth more than once a day. Girls are more likely to report tooth brushing more than once a day (54%) when compared with boys (45%).

Physical activity and sedentary behaviour

  • Only 34% of adolescents met the recommended daily levels of physical activity (at least 1 hour of moderate to vigorous activity). This rate is lower among older adolescents and girls, with only 27% of 15-year-olds girls spending at least 60 minutes per day. 

  • 46% of adolescents spend two hours or more in front of television screens every weekday. 

  • 19% of 11-year-olds and 41% of 15-year-olds spend two or more hours every weekday using electronic devices such as computers, smartphones, tablets for homework, browsing the internet and social media. 

School

  • 55% or 11-year-olds report liking school a lot and 82% feel high levels of support from teachers (82%) and peers (70%). However, by the age of 15, only 33% like school a lot and 63% feel high levels of support from teachers and 61% from peers.

see here for further details

item 6095
[01-04-2020 to 31-08-2020]

 


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